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tv   Tech Know  Al Jazeera  July 14, 2015 4:30am-5:01am EDT

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outlined its new road map with iran to assess its military nuclear facilities. greek prime minister alexis tsipras is back in athens trying to rally support for a key vote on a third bailout deal with european lenders, but he faces a tough test to sale the austerity package to his own government and the greek people. iraq forces have suffered heavy losses after launching their new offensive against isil at least 81 soldiers and pro-government fight verse been killed in attacks in and around fallujah city in and around anbar province, four civilians were also killed. let's get more on the top story the iran nuclear deal. going live to vienna james bays our diplomatic editor is is there for us jails anymore details right now on what this deal contains? and what we are likely to hear over the come is hours? >> reporter: just a bit of atmospherics first for you just
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seconds ago the cars just left just moments before you came to me. the e.u. high representative freed recchi who is chairing this process left this hotel on her way to the meeting that is supposed to ratify this nuclear deal. i said do you have good news? and she replied yes again confirmation of what we already know that they have done the deal and it gets ratified at the meeting. it's supposed to start right now but it will will take longer because she just left and she's the chair of the meeting which will consist of her chairing the meetingmeeting and the seven foreign ministers involved in the practice session the p5 plus one the five permanent security members of germany negotiating with iran and the iranian foreign minister, all around the table. we know some details of the deal. the basic deal is the one they have been trying to negotiate
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for all this time iran saying it would only pursue a civilian fuchs lahr power program in return the crippling sanctions on iran being lifted. that's the crux of what they were trying to negotiate for all this time. there have been sticking points because there were so many people concerned iran might not be showing good faith that a ran that has paid cat and mouse with the inspectors may do it again that's why they have been trying to come up with a water-tight deal a legally binding deal a deal that we think in about seven day's time will be endorsed boo i a u.n. security council resolution. some of the sticking points we believe have been solved only in the early morning hours. the worlding of the u.n. resolution and particularly the wording on some of the sanctions, remember there are sanctions on iran including sank on his its arms and arms embargo and sanctions on its missiles, what we are told those will be lifted but some limitations will
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apply. on the arms embargo for up to eight years on missiles for up to 15 years is what we are hearing in the deal that still isn't quite done but they have agreed to it. they just have to sit around the table and formally all seven minister ratify it. >> we have talked more about the cripple of sanctions that iran has been suffering under for the people there there will come as a great relief to them. what's at stake there in freeing up those sanctions? >> reporter: well, there is a lot of money at stake. because iran has not been able to operate in the way it would like normally in terms of its economy. some estimates on the amount of money that is being held that iran will get when this deal is done and, when the sanctions are sanctions are lift the about $100 billion, that's a lot of money but having
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said that iran's economy is in really bad shape one of the nest questions for the government of rouhani is where he spends that money. remember early next year in iran, there are parliamentary elections. and i think the current government of iran will want to show that the economic benefits of this deal come through in time to effect the iranian electorate and a housing problems and pretty basic products because of the sanction sanctions they want to show people their life has changed before those parliamentary elects particular place. >> all right. for the moment, james bays live there at the scene of those talks on iran's nuclear agreement. we understand imminent now. alan fischer is live for us in washington d.c. and alan, it's, i understand just around 4:30 in the morning there in the u.s. capital a lot of people will be waking up to
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news of this, but it will be the job of lawmakers there to ratify any deal. what are they likely to be saying? >> reporter: well, they've got 60 days to pull this apart and we though that the tone has already been sets by israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu when he says this is a deal that will be historically bad and we know that many people on capitol hill many in congress and senate will take their tone from that and many have decided already this deal is a bad idea. let me give you an example of that. scott walker became the latest con dat to declare that he is pursuing the republican nominations for president, he did that go, what, just about 12 hours or so ago and he has already said that he is elected on day one he will kill the deal. that's why there was a deadline, they wanted really just 30 days for congress to analyze this deal. believing that if there was 60 days then they would be able to find more holes in it, pull it apart, run a much more aggressive campaign against it,
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so there will be concern in the obama camp that there will be voices of concern within the next few hours i am sure we'll start to hear on the network morning shows here in the united states people speaking out against this deal. saying why it can't go ahead saying what flaws they see in it. saying why this is a bad deal. not just for the united states but for the entire world. and the obama team will be push and being pushing and pushing. he has to fight against the fact that five of his most recent advisers on iran say this may accelerate iran's path to a nuclear well he has a lot of negative to his fight against. but what he does have the veto. if congress decides it wants to kill this deal and puts a bill together to say this bill is dead. it will go back to barack obama who will then veto that. and we don't think that there is enough opposition and there has to be an overwhelming majority in both the senate and the house
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of representatives to kill the bill. and we don't think that will happen. so the veto is tucked in his back pocket. he knows that he has that, he sees this as a significant part of his legacy, he believe that his had will make the middle east and by extension the united states safer and that is the messaging that he will take to the american people over the next few hours and we suspect in a prime time address at some point on tuesday. >> yeah, and you talked about the reaction there from people on capitol hill, but as far as the larger american public, what have they been saying about all of this. and how are they likely to react to the news this deal as they wake up to this? >> reporter: it's going to be polarizing if you support the republicans and what congressman or senator says you are more likely to support that idea. it's heart to say what a nation of 370 million people will think about a deal when we don't know the exact details yet. will they think this makes americans safer? this is a very detailed bill.
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people will make very quick snap judgments on this. it won't be nuanced. it will really reinforce what people have believed about iran over the last 20 years or so and that won't change in the next 24 hours. remember the american distrust of iran goes back a very long way to the seizing of hostages in the embassy in teheran, the fact that they were held for 444 days. that they weren't released until ronald regular an came to our power and that still is carved very deep on the american psyche. many people still remember that and those who don't remember it have been told by those that live through it. the disrust of iran runs very deep in the united states. and so people will be very concerned that there is any deal at all which will be presented as a ran having a way to get nuke there are weapons or having
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sanctioned lifted that will help them perhaps arm their allies in the region. so there will go a great deal of concern although many people will say this as a success for barack obama because if you don't negotiate it will happen anyway. iran's neighbors have been following the talks in vienna very closely especially israel and saudi arabia. israel is suspicious of iran's intentions. and has been throughout. it is worried the country could be capable of development a nuclear bomb even after this deal. saudi arabia wants sanction to his remain in place it says a stronger iranian economy will mean more iranian interference in countries including lebanon iraq and yemen. the lifting of sanctions could be a relief for other gulf states iran say large trading partner for the united arab emirates and oman, oath both other the the -- on the other side
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of the gulf. the israeli prime minister spoke a while ago and imtiaz tyab joins us with more on what he had to say imtiaz. >> reporter: yes, it's very interesting that here you have the israeli prime minister making a televised statement about this deal before this deal is even formally announced by those who are sitting at the negotiating table including iran. whatever the case, mr. netanyahu had some very stinging criticisms of this deal. he described it as a creating a short pact for iran to create a nuclear weapon. remember he also said that as part of this deal, iran will receive $100 billion to, and i quotes spread terrorism. and he ended by saying that this was a mistake of what he described as historical proportions. >> imtiaz, i suppose this depends on who you talk to in israel being but to what extent
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is the israeli prime minister's rhetoric echoed by the israeli public at large? what are they likely to say on this? >> reporter: well, look, i think mr. netanyahu, who quite frankly throughout his entire career has been a very fierce and vocal critic of iran warning of iran getting a nuclear bomb, you'll have to remember just a few months ago in the middle of israel's parliamentary elections where mr. netanyahu was reelected at prime minister he went to the united states to address a joint session of the u.s. congress to speak explicitly about iran, much to the anger of the white house because the white house didn't invite him. he was invited by opposition republican leaders. this is how seriously mr. netanyahu takes the threat of iran. and it is something that i would say that a lot of israelis are increasingly feeling is the same as well. and you only have to pay attention to the political discourse owing going on here in
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israel currently now that it looks very clear that a deal has been reached. you have opposition politicians here in israel fiercely criticizing mr. netanyahu because he failed in their view to stop this deal. so this deal between iran and these western powers and certainly world leaders deeply continue her shall herecontroversial in israel and mr. netanyahu will no doubt continue to criticize the deal and certainly put pressure president obama in the united states as mr. obama takes this deal to u.s. law makers to try to get it through the houses of -- or wrath rather to get it passed as law. >> imtiaz tyab joining us from jerusalem with the reaction from israel on the historic deal with iraq. al jazerra's senior political analyst joins me now from london. and we talked earlier there about the fact that both israel
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and arab states such as saudi arabia are very much opposed to this deal think but largely for different reasons. >> that's very true. both sides of the israelis and the saudis or the israelis and the arabs in general have a problem with iran using the lifting of the sanctions and the capacity to put use more oil in order to expand its influence in the region something that both sides seem to worry about. however, that also connects with your conversation with al' fish never washington because as we know, while america is no longer able to dictate policy to its allies in the region it certainly is still capable of leading, so in so many ways what we will see has is a sort of realignment in the region of u.s. policy as well as u.s. alliances within the region.
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i think the conversation that washington is going to have with the saudis and the israelis is going to differ tomorrow from what it was yesterday. and i think the the conversation with iran will figure in to the new regional configuration so certainly listening to your conversation with james with alan and with imtiaz, one can conclude, including a whole bunch of other implications for this deal, that the region is really now open for a whole host of changes that actually will transform not only american policy, but certainly the policy of so many of the players including saudi arabia and israel. >> yeah, and you mentioned there, how this is going to play out in the turkish capital. and also there are a lot of different complicated alliances and rivalries within the middle east region, but how does turkey's response figure in to all of this?
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>> look, turkey, like the rest of the arab world is happy to see a nuclear deal with iran. so the actual idea of limiting the iranian nuclear program in verifiable ways that's agreeable to the turks and to the saudis. as well i would say to the israelis. but the idea is what does this mean in terms of its regional strategic implications? that's of course another whole story because historically speaking there has always been competition between turkey and iran. but i think on the overall i think turkey will use this in order to improve economic and extra time i can relationship with teheran knowing that teheran is on the attendance, but, again, it will depend on washington's approach because as we know, just as there are conversations going on with iran in vienna, there are conversations going on with the
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erdogan government, ongoing today, but guess what not just about iran but also about isis and this is the new big issue we will all be talking about now that the nuclear deal will be signed. because now that iran is no longer the nemesis iran is no longer at least as washington is concerned, the major threat to stability of the region, now the focus is going to be moving to isis. i think washington will be replacing teheran with mosul. and replacing the. [ inaudible ] of iran with the islamic state. and so in so many ways what we will see is post iranian deal a new alliances and real configuration with washington focusing on isis and asking everyone, including the iranians to cooperate with washington in order to deal with a new regional threat. >> good to get your perspective on this as always, sr. political analyst joining us there from
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london. ♪ ♪ now to other ooh stories now, myanmar's president has said he has not yet decided whether to seek a second term in office. elects are still four months a what, but preparations have already begun. it is the first open vote since decades of military rule end ed in 2011. florence lui reports on what's ahead for the country. >> reporter: opposition party members are going from door to door. to verify the majority list. the general election is four months away and there is a sense of urgency. >> translator: there is little difference between the former military regime and today's government. >> reporter: from the national league for democracy or n.l.d. which is predict today win dig big in the november polls it says an error free voter list is one of its main concerns now.
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just recently two n.l.d. members were charged with trespass while carrying out a verification process, the n.l.d. says it views the charges as a warning no the to continues the exercise. the last time the n.l.d. won an election was in 1990 led by the opposition leader. but the military rulers prevented the party from taking power. the coming election will be the first under a semi civilian government which took over in 2011. the president, who is a former army general has vowed to try to carry out free and fair elections. but the constitution is still heavily weight ed in favor of the military. they are guaranteed 25% of parliamentary seats. any constitutional amendment requires 75% support from m.p.s, giving the military an effective veto. parliament recently rejected a proposal to remove the veto. among other calls for constitutional reform.
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the opposition leader says it's a minor setback. >> people are with us and what has happened in the legislature has, in fact, raised the interest of the people in this issue. >> reporter: others are not so forgiving. students have protested the military's continued involvement in politics. >> translator: well, looking through the voter list, we have found that lots of people are not on it. >> reporter: shortly after the demonstration, zay was arrested and remains in police custody. others have gone for to hiding. political analysts are more pragmatic, they expect the military toy continue to wheeled some sort of power after the elections. >> there ling will be some military -- there will be some military representative in the parliament for some extend of time but we will take tame to reduce the military personnel in the particle lament. >> reporter: but the pace of reform will be set by whichever party wins the next election. florence looi, al jazerra.
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hundreds of contract work nurse india have been laid off after a ban on a popular brand of instant noodles samples made by its swiss maker nestle were found to contain led and taken off the market. faiz jamil networkers in the state. >> reporter: for the first past sick years this 30-year-old has been employed as a contract worker nearly every did dare at the local nestle plant. now he spends a lot of time at home waiting to here if -- hear if he will work here or another at another plant at least for a say. last month several noodles were tested positive for led and m.s.g. a country-wide ban should down the pro tick and ended the work of hundreds of contract workers some have found other work but the lack of regular salary have
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hit people hard. including him. >> things are really bad. it's causing so many problems, my kids' school are opening soon how am i going to pay the fees? other jobs don't pay as much. after the lay off some workers left here for their home villages and other areas to save on rent. but officials say the local economy has not been affected as much. >> translator: there are about 100,000 workers here in different companies so 1,100 doesn't have much of an impact. and they live throughout the area. so there is no specific area that has been greatly affected economically. >> reporter: some worn that everybody if the layoffs are only being felt by the workers now, it could hurt the company in the future. nestle declined an on-camera interview but in a statement says it's trying to find alternative work for the people that lost their jobs, as well as dealing with the ban on their product, business experts say this situation with the workers is only add to this company's image problem.
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analysts saying other companies in similar position have his dunmore to protect their workers workers. >> sometimes give people paid poll hollidays, puts them in training i am sure nestle will have to spend many, many, many times more to restore the faith of its employees in the company as a brand. >> reporter: despite what's happened, he says he will happily go back to the nestle plant if production starts again. balls it was the best paying job for him in the area. but with a 90-day ban on maggi noodles evening worries about the wait could be a long and difficult one. fessfaiz jamil, al jazerra. supporters of polygamy in the u.s. say they want it to be legalized. they are arguing the recent backing of game marriage by the supreme court strengthens their cause. here is kimberly halkett. >> reporter: for 17 years in east 10 trail texas andrew has been raising his six youngest children with their three mothers.
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ann, cheryl and jenny in, what they call their plural family. >> we have -- all right we just want to break in now to show you latest pictures now coming out of the meeting room in vienna where that historic nuclear deal on iran's nuclear program about to be announced. iran has been negotiating between six world powers, they have been discussing the ratification of the nuclear nuke deal to limit the country's nuclear capabilities. we have been monitoring this for the last couple of hours now and expecting the prints medical players to speak now there you can see frederica the e.u. foreign affairs chief speeded next to the iranian foreign minister. uponforeign ministers from another world powers also seat ahead long side them. let's listen in.
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>> all right think well, while we are waiting follow, i believe, frederik onto speak irrelevant think she will speak to us very shortly let's bring in james bays now who has been monitoring all of this for us in vienna. james this has been part of a quite long drawn out negotiation process which has been -- which has had plenty of ups and downs along the way. >> reporter: oh, absolutely. this grouping of countries you are seeing that's been negotiating with iran, the p.5 plus one the five permanent members of the security council in general have existed no nine years, the latest rebooted negotiations have gone on for nearly two years. negotiations here in vienna, in
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lausanne in gentleman neave, a two interim deals to get to this points the first interim deal extending so many times the last deadline even didn't make that. because that was midnight last time vee an time they had to he can tend again the interim deal in order to get this final deal which we expect to be announce said and ratified by the e.u. high representative who is effectively the chair of that process and the iranian foreign minister mohamed this is a historic moment but it has much in more do with the region as well. >> as far as the main issues at stake not just for iran but the six world powers what are the main potential hurtless in all of this in? >> reporter: well, going forward there are hurdles come up and hurdles mainly i think first on capitol hill balls one of the things that the obama
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administration allowed in a compromise with congress was a congressional review. the negotiations in vienna went on longer than anyone thought they would that congressional review has moved to a 60-day review rather than a 30-day review, as you heard my colleague alan fisher say in washington, there is problems there for the owe obama admission station, but in the end mostly that if congress doesn't like it, president obama is in the end going to use his veto, there are other problems and there are other players that don't like this. particularly in the arab world. many of those neighbors in iran just the other side of the gulf very nervous about the ideas that iran is going to have a nuclear program. this deal says that it should be a civilian nuclear program but they will say that iran has covertly tried to pursue a weapon in the past, what is to stop it doing that in the future? and that was one of the sticking points in these negotiations iran coming absolutely clean about what it did in the past,
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where it got the know how where it got components that's still a somewhat unsolved issue part of a separate agreement that's been signed in of the los angeles company of hours between the i.a.e.a., effectively the u.n.'s police force for nuclear issues and iran, and they are hoping that they can come to a final agreement on that in a matter of months towards the end of the year. all right, james bays joining us live there from vienna for the movement, thanks very much. you have been watching live coverage of the iran historic iran nuclear deal about to be announced stay with al jazerra for the latest on that now. and we understand that frederica is about to speak. >> of this very long negotiations. what we have in front of us all today is the result of a very hard work of all of us. all of you and i would like to thank all sitting around this table, and all sitting behind
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you, our teams that have been working for weeks days, nights, months, and years in some cases to bring us here. and i think we all know that the decision we are going to take today is not only on iran's nuclear program, but is much, much more than this. it is a decision that can open the way to a new chapter in international relations and show that diplomacy coordination, cooperation, can overcome decades of tensions and confrontations. i think this is a sign of hope for the entire world and we all know that this is very much need ed in these times. thank you for for all the commitment and work that each of us around the table has personally put in these negotiations. >> let me begin by expressing my
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appreciation to everybody. no those who started this process. and those who have continued this process in order to reach a win-win solution on what, in our view was an unnecessary crisis and open new horizons for dealing with serious problems that affect our international community. i believe this is a historic moment. we are reaching an agreement that is not perfect for anybody but it is what we could accomplish. and it is an important achievement for all of us. today, could have been the end of hope on this issue. but now we are starting a new chapter of hope. and let's build on that. let's consider this everybody's achievement. and let's thank all of our colleagues, particular particularly
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the political director and deposit any ministers who have done most of the work throughout this process. i should also thank those who helped this process other governments. the former -- the two former high representatives. and also particularly federica and others in making this process come to fruition thank you. >> thank you very much. we will now proceed to the adoption of the agreement and then we would move to the media. thank you very much. in some organizations this ends the public session of our plenery.

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